1. Solo Staking
  • Gold standard - run a full node
  • Requires 32 ETH
  • Need basic hardware & understand minimal specs
  • On software side, need to run 1 node on Ethereum and 1 node on Ethereum 2, validator software, and key manager software
  • Need to do maintenance on your node
  • There are common mistakes folks make
  1. Staking as a service
  • Hassle-free staking experience for a reasonable fee
  • Companies who provide this service:
    • Kiln - “enterprise-grade staking”

    “While different validator-as-a-service providers may have variations in their offerings and billing processes, their core purpose remains the same: to alleviate the burden of managing a validator and provide you with a hassle-free staking experience for a reasonable fee.” https://www.kiln.fi/post/comparing-staking-options-native-pooled-and-liquid-finding-the-right-approach-for-you

    • Attestant - for institutional clients
      • “it is possible, and indeed is part of Ethereum 2’s design, to ensure that validators can run on low-end hardware and anyone can run a validator at home. That said, being possible does not mean it is desirable: there are significant costs involved with running a validator and, as such, many people will look to a third party to operate some or all of the validator functions.” - Jim McDonald, co-founder of Attestant
  1. Pooled staking
    1. Again Kiln